Identity Theft and Privacy Information

Identity Theft in Idaho

Identity theft is a crime. Idaho Code ยง 18-3126 prohibits a person from using your personal information, such as your name, Social Security number, credit card number or other identifying information, without your permission, to obtain goods, services or money in your name.

If the amount of money (or value of services) lost is more than $300, the theft is a felony. The punishment for felony identity theft is five years in prison, up to a $50,000 fine or both. If the amount lost is less than $300, the theft is a misdemeanor, which is punishable by a fine and time in the county jail.

The Attorney General does not enforce Idaho’s identity theft law. If you believe you are the victim of identity theft, you should contact your local law enforcement agency immediately to file a police report. Depending upon your location in the state, your local law enforcement agency is either your city police department or your county sheriff’s office.

You will need a police report to obtain your free credit reports and to place free security freezes on your credit files. Without a police report you may still obtain free credit reports through, but you will have to pay a fee to each credit reporting agency to obtain the security freezes.

Types of Identity Theft

Child- An identity thief may use your child’s Social Security number to obtain government benefits, open a financial account or rent an apartment.

Criminal- An identity thief may use your name, driver’s license, Social Security number or other personal identifying information during a traffic stop, a criminal investigation or when the person is arrested for committing a crime.

Medical- An identity thief may use your name or health insurance number to see a doctor, get prescriptions or file claims with your insurance company.

Tax- An identity thief may use your Social Security number to steal your tax refund or to get a job. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) will send you a letter if its records show:

  • more than one tax return was filed using your Social Security number
  • you were paid by an employer you don’t know

Important: The IRS communicates with taxpayers in writing. Don’t give out your Social Security number or financial information to anyone over the telephone.


Financial Privacy - Information about the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act and the Fair Credit Reporting Act.

Medical Privacy - Information about certain federal rules that protect your health information.

Other Information and Resources

Idaho Coalition Against Identity Theft- Information from Idaho’s coalition of government agencies, businesses, nonprofits and legal providers about how to protect older adults from identity theft.

Credit Report Freeze FAQ's- Information on how to freeze your credit report to help prevent identity theft.

Taking Charge: What to Do If Your Identity Is Stolen- A handbook from the Federal Trade Commission to educate consumers about identity theft and to provide victims with the tools to minimize the damage that identity theft may cause.

Protecting Your Identity- Information from the Federal Trade Commission about credit freezes, financial readiness, active duty alerts for servicemembers and detecting the signs of identity theft.

Identity Theft & Data Breaches- Information from the Privacy Rights Clearinghouse about keeping your personal information safe, privacy issues, the value of identity theft monitoring services and how to handle a data breach.